When a puppy first appears in your house, you are probably faced with the question - how to properly feed a puppy? First of all, you need to figure out what and how to feed the baby, whether food from the table is suitable for him, whether it is necessary to maintain a strict diet, which dry food is the most suitable.
In fact, this issue should be taken very seriously. The health, constitution and, imagine, the character of the dog depend on feeding the puppy. In addition, feeding should be individual. It is impossible to find one model that is responsible for how to properly feed a puppy, which could be adjusted to all dogs.
When purchasing a purebred dog, be sure to ask the breeder about feeding. Ask him, as an experienced owner of the breed, to draw up a feeding regimen for your pet until the puppy is 1-1,5 years old. Different breeds of dogs have their own preferences and peculiarities of nutrition and diets.
During the active growth of the puppy, it should be periodically shown to the veterinarian and breeder. By analyzing the health and appearance of the dog, specialists can adjust the diet, as you will not always be able to notice the deterioration in health, as well as unhealthy changes in the appearance of the puppy, which can often be due to malnutrition.
How to make a diet for a puppy?
What should be included in a complete puppy diet:
Sources of protein:
- a fish
Meat and offal are a source of protein.
It is necessary that the puppy eat raw meat every day (one feeding), starting from 17 days from birth. A few grams of minced meat (beef) should be given, increasing the dose to 0,5 kg for an adult of large breeds.
In addition to meat, offal should be given, such as liver, lungs, ears, tripe, kidneys, tracheas, tails and others. All this is less nutritious than meat, but also very healthy. But, it is impossible to completely replace clean meat with offal, especially when feeding puppies.
Dairy products are a source of calcium.
Every day, one of the feedings should be dairy. Homemade cottage cheese is especially useful. Dairy products nourish the puppy's growing body with calcium, which is very important for the development of the skeletal system.
Cereals are a source of carbohydrates.
The source of carbohydrates are various cereals, rice, bread products. Cereals should be served boiled. Muesli and oatmeal, such as Hercules, can not be boiled, but simply steamed.
Vegetables and fruits are a source of vitamins.
Be sure to give your puppy plant foods full of vitality. These are vegetables, root crops, various greens, fruits. They are a source of vitamins. In order for your puppy to get the most benefit from a plant-based diet, all of these foods should be fed raw. You need to finely chop or put through a meat grinder.
The same goes for greens: dill, parsley, lettuce and dandelion leaves, young nettles. Everything must be thoroughly chopped before serving the puppy. Nettle must be scalded with boiling water so that it does not sting.
Many dog owners prefer to feed their pets ready-made dry food. Everything is balanced in them. Dry food should be carefully selected according to the composition of proteins in the first place. They must be of animal origin. You should also pay attention to the quality of the food - this guarantees good nutrition for your puppy.
If you decide to switch your puppy from natural foods to dry food, you should do it gradually so as not to harm the digestive system. The same applies if you decide to eliminate dry mixes and feed your puppy natural foods.
The portion of dry food depends on the weight of your pet. All calculations in this regard are available on the packaging. For a puppy, dry food should be soaked in water or milk. At 2 months, you can no longer soak the food, but give it dry. When feeding a dog dry food, make sure that it always has access to drinking water.
During the active growth of the puppy, it is necessary to give:
- calcium gluconate
- plain white chalk
- eggshell (boiled, crushed)
- Sea kale
- fish fat
When feeding dogs, especially large breeds, with natural products, you need to give vitamins that will help strengthen the joints. They should include glucosamine and chondroitin.
I propose to consider the tables where you can determine the approximate daily diet and diet for puppies of large breeds.
Continuing the topic of how to properly feed a large breed puppy, I propose to consider 7 and 4-time puppy feeding schemes with natural products and dry food.