Paralysis in dogs is the complete loss of motor ability in the affected part of the animal's body. A mild form of muscle weakness is called paresis (semi-paralysis). A severe form is paralysis of the limbs.
Types of paralysis in dogs:
1. Monoplegia - one limb of the animal is damaged;
2. Tetraplegia - four limbs of the animal are affected;
3. hemiplegia - either two right or two left limbs of the animal are affected;
4. Paraparesis - defeat of either two hind or front paws of the animal;
5. Paraplegia - paralysis of the back of the body of the animal.
Symptoms of paralysis in dogs:
- the dog does not stand on its paws;
- limbs lack sensation;
- the dog does not respond to injections;
- with paraplegia, the animal cannot control the work of the intestines and bladder.
Causes of paralysis
Paralysis in dogs or semi-paralysis can occur as a result of any disease, injury to the spine, or damage that affects the nervous system. Damage to the spinal cord can occur as a result of an accident (on the road) or indentation of the intervertebral disc into it. The location and degree of damage to the spinal cord determines which part of the body will be paralyzed.
Monoplegia can occur with infectious diseases, is caused by encephalitis, myelitis, spinal stroke, meningitis, sciatica. And also, monoplegia can be caused by bone fractures, tumors, intoxication of the animal's body.
Tetraplegia may be the result of an injury to the cervical spine in an animal, polyneuropathy, plague.
hemiplegia can occur as a result of plague, trauma, tumors, heart attack, meningoencephalitis, cerebral hemorrhage.
Paraparesis is the most common type of paralysis in dogs and other animals. Most often - this is paralysis of the hind limbs of the animal. Called sciatica.
Paraplegia causes damage to the spinal cord.
Paralysis Treatment in Dogs
In certain cases, the treatment of the dog is meaningless, in others, it is necessary to carry out a surgical operation and medical treatment. At this time, good care of the dog is very important. The veterinarian must perform an X-ray examination of the spine and check all the nerve reflexes, and only after that the doctor can make a final diagnosis. The outcome of treatment depends on the degree of nerve damage. A paralyzed animal with a risk of back or neck injury, such as a displaced intervertebral disc, should be moved very carefully.
If the dog feels pain, the veterinarian prescribes painkillers (for example, no-shpa), vitamins (group B), as well as glucocorticoids to the animal. If paralysis in a dog is caused by an infection, an allergy, antihistamines are prescribed for the pet.
To avoid trouble, it is recommended to be as attentive as possible to the pet, to calculate in advance every step he takes, especially when walking. And also, it is necessary to contact the veterinarian as soon as you suspect something unusual and bad. “I just noticed that she drank a lot of water, but somehow she didn’t pay much attention to it,” the owner of a dead dog once told me.