Salmonellosis is an infectious intestinal disease caused by the microorganism Salmonella. The danger of this disease lies in the fact that it can be transmitted to a person who cares for a dog. In severe cases of salmonellosis in dogs, the pet may die on the 2nd-4th day (due to intoxication of the body).
Symptoms of salmonellosis in dogs:
- elevated body temperature (up to 40-40,5 ° C);
- diarrhea (with blood);
- refusal of the dog to feed;
- along the way, respiratory diseases are observed;
- violations of the functionality of the central nervous system;
- yellowness of the mucous membrane of the mouth and nose (with a diseased liver);
- birth of dead puppies and miscarriages.
Causes of the disease:
This bacterial intestinal infection causes enteritis (inflammation of the small or large intestine). Salmonellosis affects not only animals, but also people. It is believed to be the second most common infection transmitted to humans through food. Therefore, hygiene is required when caring for a dog that suffers from diarrhea.
The bacterium can enter the dog's body in an elementary way - through food. It is necessary to process foodstuffs thermally (boiling, freezing) very well, especially for dairy products, meat waste, fish and meat and bone meal. Infection can be intrauterine, that is, pass from the mother to the fetus.
Treatment for salmonellosis in dogs:
If the animal suffers from prolonged diarrhea, has an elevated body temperature and signs of general malaise, then the dog should immediately be taken to a veterinary clinic for examination. A dog stool test is required to check for infection. Antibiotics can be used to treat salmonellosis, but it is advisable not to do this so as not to provoke the selection of parasites that have good viability.