The dog was bitten by a tick. What to do?

Spring is green grass, good weather, we spend more time outdoors with our pets, giving them freedom and letting them off the leash. The stay of pets in nature is not only pleasant moments, but also hidden dangers. And you have to be ready for anything. Following the long-awaited spring comes small and big problems that dog owners have to face while walking. And now I would like to draw your attention to warnings about small, but sometimes very dangerous insects - ticks. This is especially important for inexperienced dog owners, whose pet meets spring for the first time in his life, to actively get acquainted with the environment of spring and awakened nature.

First spring

If this is the first spring for your pet, first of all introduce him to the street and nature. You should not immediately let the dog off the leash and let everything take its course, they say "the animal itself knows what is possible and what is not." At first, go out with him on the grass, play on a leash, control his every step and action. Since at first he will be guided by curiosity and instincts, you need to show what can and cannot be done. This should be approached in the same way as teaching a dog commands, that is, you need to teach a dog to behave in nature. It's like walking with children, you need to look at your pet in both eyes so that you can prevent its mistake in time, so that fun pastime does not turn into a tragedy.

What is a tick

Ticks are bugs from the arachnid class. Of which there are so many divorced that they are considered the largest group in their class. They are microscopic, and can also reach a size of more than 1 cm. Ticks, which will now be discussed, belong to the Ixodes family. These beetles do not live on the body of dogs, other animals and people, but only temporarily parasitize, feeding on blood.

Ixodid ticks are visible to the naked eye, quite large. The size of males is 2-3 mm; females can reach 10 mm or more. Ticks live from 2 to 4 years depending on the region.

Ticks live in shady, damp places. Most often found in the forest, in the park and garden, in fields and meadows. And they can also be found in urban areas overgrown with shrubs. In short, ticks are everywhere.

Mite

Some types of ixodid ticks are carriers of diseases. And the most common disease in dogs, the pathogens of which are transmitted by ticks, is piroplasmosis.

Piroplasmosis

There is a good chance that your pet may be attacked by a tick that carries piroplasmosis. Piroplasma (Piroplasma canis) can enter the bloodstream of a dog during a tick bite. For several days (sometimes up to 2 weeks), piroplasm actively multiplies in the pet's blood, affecting the hematopoietic organs and red blood cells. And there comes a moment when your pet's body is no longer able to compensate for the loss, and the waste products of the piroplasm cause intoxication. After a dog has been bitten by a tick with piroplasm, the following symptoms are observed:

  • lethargy;
  • loss of appetite (refusal of breakfast);
  • increased body temperature (up to 40 ° C or more);
  • urine reddish-brown, or the color of dark beer;
  • weakness of the hind limbs;
  • possible vomiting, diarrhea.

NegativeIf you see any of the above symptoms in your pet, contact your veterinarian immediately. By ignoring or not following the condition and well-being of the dog, you risk losing it.

There are cases of recovery of dogs without the intervention of a veterinarian. After that, immunity is developed, and the pet no longer shows symptoms of the disease. At the same time, it can be a carrier of piroplasmosis and infect other ticks. But, not all dogs can withstand the disease, especially not worth the risk with breeds that are very deviated from the natural form - the wolf. Therefore, do not be surprised that wild animals in the forest, yard dogs and even guard dogs that live year-round in the yard in an aviary or on a chain do not suffer from piroplasmosis, and your Pekingese, Shih Tzu or Yorkie lies under a dropper for the second time in a row.

Loved the article on this very much.About the problems of treating piroplasmosis” from the Great Danes kennel “Classic Dog”. For me, it became the first sign and the basis for more in-depth reflections on this matter.

Piroplasmosis in dogs

AttentionTip: always keep an eye on your dog's tail. If during a walk, the tail is not active for a long time, it is worth examining the pet's health in more detail. Most likely your dog is thirsty, give him a drink of water during the walk. But, if she refused water and continues to mope, the problem should be considered deeper. It is possible that your pet is sick with piroplasmosis. You should especially pay attention to this if the dog refused breakfast (even his favorite treat) - then you should definitely take him to the doctor immediately and do a blood test.

Piroplasmosis is not transmitted to humans. But, there are rare cases.

When are ticks dangerous?

  • March - May;
  • Aug. Sept.

In summer, at the peak of the heat, the activity of ticks decreases, and in winter they sleep. In March, as soon as the sun begins to warm, the air becomes humid and smells like spring, ticks wake up hungry and begin their hunt for animals, also not sparing dogs and people.

Girl with a dog for a walk

In autumn, after a tiring heat, the second season of active tick hunting for warm-blooded animals begins. It is during these periods: March-May, August-September that you should more carefully monitor your pet, take all necessary measures to protect it from tick bites.

How to protect your dog from ticks

To protect the dog from ticks, special drops should be applied to the withers (along the back). For a certain time (on average 1 month), these funds repel ticks. Flea and tick collars are very popular. They can be a good addition to your basic defenses. But not as a primary defense. Collars are designed for an average of 6-7 months of use. There are also sprays that should be applied directly to the animal's coat. Spray your pet with a spray should be on average once a week, as well as the day before a walk in densely vegetated places. All these remedies for ticks (and other insects) are called acaricidal preparations. They should be used regularly as no acaricide will provide complete protection for your pet for more than 4 weeks.

After each walk, and possibly during a long walk, you should inspect the dog in order to detect a tick in time. After getting on the dog's body, the tick looks for a secluded place for 15-20 minutes. Therefore, you may be able to simply shake the bugs off the surface of the dog's coat.

What to do if a dog is bitten by a tick

If a dog is bitten by a tick, it can stay on the animal's body for up to 10 days. Places on the dog's body that are most exposed to tick bites:

  • head;
  • neck;
  • the area behind the ears;
  • groin;
  • elbow area.

During a bite, the tick secretes saliva, due to which blood clotting is prevented. Also, the saliva of the tick acts as an anesthetic for the animal, so the dog may not feel pain when bitten by an insect.

If you find a tick on your dog, it should be removed. You can consult a veterinarian, or you can do it yourself:

  1. generously lubricate the tick and the area around it with vegetable oil (you can use Vaseline);
  2. pinch the body of the bug with tweezers and pull it up in a slow circular motion;
  3. after removing the tick, lubricate the damaged skin of the dog with an antiseptic;
  4. destroy the tick. It's best to burn it.

How to remove a tick from a dog

The tick from the skin of the dog should be removed entirely. There are cases when, due to the awkward removal of the tick, the body comes off, but the head remains in the skin. In this case, you should consult a doctor for help, since it is very difficult to remove the remnants of the beetle on your own.

After removing the tick, monitor the health and mood of the dog. After all, the tick could be a carrier of piroplasm.

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16 comments

  1. stabbing
    12.04.2014 at 22: 37 Reply

    and again nonsense)) piroplasmosis is 2 types of ticks and not hundreds)) drops on the withers do not scare away but destroy during the bite - the substance is distributed in the adipose tissue of the dog 🙂 Author!!! you should at least read the instructions))) I have doubts that the person who wrote this nonsense has never seen a dog)))

  2. Anna
    07.05.2014 at 03: 01 Reply

    Thank you for the article

  3. Vera
    06.05.2015 at 10: 00 Reply

    We use Vectra 3d drops, and they act on ticks, fleas, mosquitoes and flies not through a bite, but repel them, i.e. drops do not even let the dog bite, the tick can jump on it, but it is immediately paralyzed and it falls off. We have been using them for a long time during this time, I have observed this process more than once, and this is explained by the fact that a new generation substance is included in the drops. Most importantly, drops are effective, they can even be used for prophylaxis and they destroy fleas very well.

  4. Dream
    08.05.2015 at 15: 12 Reply

    I want to share my experience for those who love their pets. We live in the Moscow region, we recently bought a house ... this year the snow had not yet melted, my dog ​​caught a tick and, as luck would have it, it was contagious, the dog began to mow down right before our eyes, then we even they didn’t know what was wrong with her, they took her to the doctor ... thank God they made it on time, they pumped her out. it turns out that dogs die from these little freaks (and cats don’t give a damn about them) ... in general, after that, drops dripped on the withers (in my opinion, frontline), they didn’t remember ticks for about a week, but then hell began - they took 30 pieces from the dog (despite the fact that the drops should act for two weeks is a rather expensive pleasure) ... Thank God the veterinarian advised the pills, the dog eats it and the tick attached to it, having tasted its blood, literally dries up ... now we remove already dead ticks or they themselves fall off ... now mine dogs are professional tick-catchers)))) contribute to the extermination of parasites ...
    the only thing is one tablet, the action for a month costs around 1 rubles, but it’s not so expensive when it comes to the life of a beloved animal ... I won’t say the names of the tablets so that they don’t think that I’m writing this on purpose, so call the veterinarian - find out!!!
    Good luck - don't worry!!

  5. Valeria
    14.05.2015 at 06: 04 Reply

    The breeders from whom we took our dog advised us advantix drops, they said that of all the remedies they tried, this is the most effective, it is important that it does not work through a bite. It also protects against other insects such as mosquitoes and fleas.

  6. Maya Kvasova
    15.05.2015 at 06: 05 Reply

    Vera, we also began to use such drops and are very pleased. Only our Advantix are called. Our veterinarian recommended them to us, and we use them. Ticks, this is certainly terrible, it's good that they came up with such cool tools to keep our pets safe.

  7. Ksenia
    03.06.2015 at 17: 29 Reply

    Yes, ticks are a scary thing, dogs should be regularly checked for ticks. For a long time I chose how to protect my dog, rummaged through the entire Internet and decided to try the foresto collar, read it on their website, everything worked out. We use now, everything is fine, it helps a lot.

  8. Eve
    09.06.2015 at 10: 59 Reply

    Unfortunately, we had an allergy on the collar, we tried Vectra 3d drops, we liked it. The most important thing that is immediately noticeable is that they did not cause allergies and began to act quickly, unlike the collar, they do not smell, this is also very important. Drops do not allow a bite, I think that this is also a very important fact in the selection of funds to protect our beloved dogs.

  9. Elena
    26.06.2015 at 21: 36 Reply

    We are constantly dripping with advantix during the season. Although we were told that there are cheaper and no worse. Well, no, the health of our pet is more important to us. Therefore, for 5 years from April to October, we do the processing every month. And we do not know grief))

  10. Veronica
    31.03.2016 at 21: 04 Reply

    I had such a story not long ago, that year in May. Soba was treated with Vectra 3d drops. We left the dacha at 11 am. In the evening I went to wash my hair and found a completely live tick in my hair, it was just swarming there (maybe confused). I immediately rushed to look at my dog, I didn’t find it on it, but on the blanket where it lay a minute ago, I found it, the bastard. The bastard is lying, he removed his paws, he looks like garbage.
    And most likely it was they who crawled from me, because if they were on the dog, they would have remained on it or had already drunk. The conclusion is that the drug works well on these reptiles. After this incident, I also began to be processed by Vectra. It seems that I haven’t seen it on myself anymore, and on the dog too, even just crawling. I read about Vectra that it works through the scare effect, it is!

  11. Sofia
    07.06.2016 at 22: 18 Reply

    Last year I went with a dog to rest in the Caucasus. The dog was treated with Vekra 3d spring drops, in general, like the whole season. Ticks were not caught. I treat the dog with Vectra, although there were no punctures with ticks over the past year (I am 1 year old). Before Vectra, they used other drops and still found them, but with Vectra, they didn’t see a single tick. The drug is dripped once a month (but if you bathe often, you need to treat it after 1 days). Drip strictly on the withers where the dog cannot reach. How to use: remove the pipette; hold the pipette upright with the thumb and forefinger of one hand under the large applicator disc, with the other hand take the applicator tip over the small disc and push down firmly into the large disc to pierce the membrane which seals the pipette. Parting the dog's coat, apply the drug to dry, undamaged skin at one or two points near the spine so that the dog cannot lick off the drops. Do not wash your dog for 21 hours after using Vectra 48D.

  12. Eugene
    03.09.2016 at 18: 45 Reply

    If the dog has already been bitten by a tick, then it is better to immediately go to the clinic, they will take tests there, find out if the tick was dangerous, and then according to the circumstances. In general, it is better not to allow such a situation. This year my dog ​​wears a Dan Ultra collar and the ticks were not removed at all. This collar also protects against fleas, very comfortable. You can bathe a dog with it, there are no problems at all, put it on and that's it.

  13. Diana
    12.09.2016 at 02: 32 Reply

    Thank you for the article

  14. Vreditel
    29.06.2017 at 20: 48 Reply

    Of course, it is reasonable to vaccinate puppies immediately after birth, but there is no guarantee that immunity will be formed, and that the dog will not encounter a tick against which it has not been vaccinated. The best measure for tick bites is prevention.

  15. Tatyana
    09.02.2018 at 14: 02 Reply

    My dog ​​found a tick in January: either a thaw or a frost. During the thaw, he woke up, he also turned out to be contagious. I did not find a tick, but the dog began to refuse food, became lethargic, and the urine went red-brown. Unfortunately, the veterinarians did not save.
    In winter, somehow I was not ready for a meeting with ticks, and the dog was not processed.

    • Konstantin Markin
      12.02.2018 at 12: 35 Reply

      Unfortunately this happens. Ticks can warm up, usually in foliage or in a booth, and bite.

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