In everyday life, you can often find unpleasant incidents involving people and dogs. During a walk, dogs attack each other for reasons that are incomprehensible to many, and attacks on people are also periodically recorded. I propose to consider a few questions about this, and mainly - what to do if a dog has bitten you, your child, etc. And also, what consequences can be in connection with dog bites.
Why do dogs bite
I will begin to consider this issue from the very young age of the puppy. Dogs, like people, have their own methods of raising offspring. An adult neighbor's dog can use his teeth to show your puppy that he should respect the elders in this yard. Usually these are frightening fleeting light bites that will not bring physical damage to the baby, but he will remember for a long time who he should be afraid of and respect. And the next time, instead of joyfully jumping on the heads of all the dogs in a row, he will already know that this dachshund or collie needs to be respectfully walked past.
Dogs can do this to people too. If a person shows any disrespect to a dog in its own territory, the dog will see fit to show him with his teeth who is in charge here.
My friend had a case on this subject. Two friends gathered one evening to sit, chat, have dinner together. And in this house there lived a big dog, everything was spinning around and lying near the table. The guest, in a drunken state, decided to treat the dog with bread and began to tease. As a result, he received a “kiss” right on the nose for his generosity. Surely the dog thought - "who are you that you behave so disrespectfully with me on my territory, tease me with my bread from my table, which I protect?"
When a puppy enters your family, it quickly begins to understand who is the leader in the family. The puppy watches with interest how the head of the family behaves with everyone else. And if in the family, especially on the part of the leader, rude behavior, sharp loud cries, abusive words and appropriate facial expressions are manifested, the puppy understands everything and remembers in order to, having matured, take the place of the leader - this is a natural desire. Based on this, we can say that the dog reflects your behavior. And having absorbed the negative impact, one day he will be able to use it for his own upbringing purposes, even with small children. And, as a rule, teeth are used.
Education and dominance are not all the reasons that can lead to a skirmish with dogs. But, perhaps, one of the main bases. It would be possible to consider sentry and security parties, etc., but I propose to return to the main topic. I would also like to say that some types of dog aggression are shared. Perhaps this will be useful to you to seize the moment and avoid severe cases of collision with dogs.
Types of aggression in dogs:
- defensive aggression;
- caused by punishment, fear, or pain;
- hunting (for prey);
- sexual (to individuals of the same sex).
The rabies virus is the most dangerous to humans when bitten by dogs.
By using their teeth, dogs can infect humans with various viruses, especially yard dogs. To date, perhaps the most dangerous virus for humans that a dog can give when bitten is rabies. Posters about rabies used to be seen in every clinic, on every floor. And it's not just that.
Symptoms of human rabies:
1. The first stage of development of rabies in humans lasts 1-3 days. During this period, the infected person begins to be afraid of everything, experiences nausea, suffers from thirst, constipation, insomnia and shortness of breath. There is an increased temperature, immobility of the occiput and neck. The bite sites begin to hurt, the wounds sometimes fester.
2. For the next 2-3 days, the person infected with rabies has a desire to pounce and bite other people. Seizures are observed. There is a strong excitement, violentness, a person begins to break everything and smash around him. Fear of water, fear of air movement, hallucinations develop. Salivation increases. This state is called the second stage.
3. The third stage lasts only a few hours. At the same time, the person's pulse increases sharply, the voice becomes very hoarse, paralyzes the limbs, tongue, face, and death occurs.
Rabies is a serious viral disease that is transmitted by animal bites, especially dogs, cats and foxes. It has an incubation period of 10 days to 12 months (usually 2-3 months).
If bitten by a dog - what to do first
And now that we have looked at the rabies virus based on the symptoms of a human disease, it is not difficult to guess that with dog bites, going to the doctor is an urgent need.
If bitten by a dog, the first step is to thoroughly wash the wound with soapy water (soap partially kills the rabies virus. Scientific experiments have been conducted where thorough washing of wounds with soap and water stopped infection in 90% of experimental animals). Then you need to thoroughly rinse the wounds with running water, and finally treat with hydrogen peroxide (this remedy does not stop the blood, but cleans and disinfects the wound). You should not try to stop the blood immediately after the bite, let it flow out a little along with the dog's saliva.
The edges of the wound must be treated with iodine or brilliant green. The wound itself should not be cauterized with solutions. If necessary, apply an aseptic pressure bandage. Use modern materials (hygroscopic) that will not stick to the wound. In no case do not allow sharp objects to the wound for 2-3 days, for example, to cut off the edges of the wound, incisions, suturing (the exception is bleeding vessels that need to be stitched to stop the external flow of blood).
After treating the wound, you must consult a doctor who will definitely ask you under what circumstances you were bitten, how the dog looked and behaved, whether it was stray or domestic. And if your condition after the bites does not require hospitalization, you will be examined, professionally treated for the wound, given all necessary vaccinations (against tetanus), advised on antimicrobial treatment of the affected parts of the skin and the following vaccinations.